Earthquake Survival Kit
Although this is headed "Earthquake Survival Kit" it is suitable for any natural disaster whether cyclone, fire or flood. These are the things you need to have to hand in a readily accessible location so that you can get to them in a hurry should the unfortunate happen.
An earthquake or other natural disaster may disrupt power, water, gas, and phone services so you need to be able to survive until these services can be restored or someone can get to you. While you can survive for weeks without food, you can only survive 2 or 3 days without water so that should be your priority. If the disaster is a flood, even though there is a lot of water around, it is not safe to drink so you need your own supply of pure water or, better still, a water purifier. If you opt for the water purifier, consider investing in one that does not require chemicals of electricity (whether battery or mains) to operate. Remember that in an emergency, power may not be available and chemicals are just one more thing to have to pack
What to Put In Your Earthquake Survival Kit
- Portable Water Purifier - if you don't have one of these you will need about 4 litres of bottled water per person per day. The 4 litres is for drinking and food preparation and basic sanitising.
- Canned, dried or other non-perishable food (allow enough for at least 3 days supply per person). Consider foods that do not require additional water otherwise you need to allow for this.
- Medications - consult your doctor or chemist for information on storing medication and remember to periodically check the expiry dates and replace as necessary.
- First Aid Kit and make sure you have a medical treatment book (eg, St John's Ambulance First Aid Book)
- Torch (flashlight) and spare batteries
- Spare Spectacles or Contact Lenses (and Contact Lens cleaning solution)
- Battery powered radio and spare batteries - Also remember that your car radio can be used if your vehicle has not been damaged
- Can opener - a manually operated one not a battery powered one.
- Blankets or sleeping bags
- Money in small denominations and some change for phone calls.
- Plates, cups and cutlery (eg, a picnic set)
- Camping Stove and gas bottles or charcoal as appropriate
- Matches (in a plastic bag to keep them dry)
- Thermos flask - once you have boiled water for a cuppa, any left over hot water can be put in the thermos so you won't have to heat it from cold next time you want to boil water. It helps minimise the amount of gas you use.
- Liquid Chlorine bleach (unscented) - can be used as a basic water disinfectant (about 2 or 3 drops per litre)
- Medicine dropper for use with liquid chlorine bleach
- Aluminium foil
- Plastic storage containers
- Toothpaste and toothbrushes
- Feminine Hygiene products
- Hand sanitiser - either gel or wipes are suitable as they save you having to use water to clean your hands
- Baby Wipes - these are not just handy if you have an infant, they can be used to clean hands, feet etc so you aren't using up your water.
- Toilet paper
- Large garbage bags for waste disposal
- Nappies (if you have an infant)
- A Pipe wrench or large shifting spanner may be necessary if there has been damage to your house and you need to shut off water or gas.
- Whistle (for attracting attention)
- Pen, pencil and paper
- Permanent Marker
- Utility knife
- Plastic sheeting - for covering broken windows
- Duct tape
- Heavy duty work gloves
- Copy of important documents including (stored in plastic bag):
- credit cards (type, issuer, number and expiry date)
- drivers licence
- insurance policies
- bank account numbers
- birth, death, marriage certificates
- household item inventory
- List of drug or food allergies
- Emergency Phone Numbers including next of kin, doctors, lost credit cards
- Disposable camera
- Spare keys to your car and house
- Games and books